HTTP3

Hertz-HTTP3 implementation based quic-go.

QUIC protocol is a transport layer network protocol that provides security equivalent to TLS/SSL, while also having lower connection and transmission latency. QUIC is currently mainly used in the HTTP protocol, which is known as HTTP/3 and is the third official version of the HTTP protocol.

Hertz-HTTP3 implementation based quic-go, Implementation Link.

For the interface design scheme provided by Hertz to support Hertz HTTP3 in the network transport layer and protocol layer, please refer to Hertz Support QUIC & HTTP/3.

Install

go get github.com/hertz-contrib/http3

Note: The go version must be greater than or equal to 1.19.

Network Layer and Protocol Layer Registration

Network Layer Registration

server.New(server.WithTransport(quic.NewTransporter))

Protocol Layer Registration

server.New(server.WithTransport(quic.NewTransporter))
h.AddProtocol(suite.HTTP3, factory.NewServerFactory(&http3.Option{}))

Config Description

Server

OptionDescription
WithTransportSet the network layer implementation
WithAltTransportSet the alternative network layer implementation. The AltTransporter will be used for parallel listening - both in TCP and QUIC
WithALPNSet whether to enable ALPN
WithTLSSet TLS Config
WithHostPortsSet the host and port for starting the service

Sample Code

Server

Note: The QUIC protocol relies on the TLS protocol, so TLS configuration needs to be provided.

package main

import (
	"context"
	"fmt"

	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/app"
	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/app/server"
	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/common/utils"
	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/network/netpoll"
	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/protocol/consts"
	"github.com/cloudwego/hertz/pkg/protocol/suite"
	"github.com/hertz-contrib/http3/network/quic-go"
	"github.com/hertz-contrib/http3/network/quic-go/testdata"
	http3 "github.com/hertz-contrib/http3/server/quic-go"
	"github.com/hertz-contrib/http3/server/quic-go/factory"
)

type Test struct {
	A string
	B string
}

func main() {
	run()
}

func run() {
	h := server.New(server.WithALPN(true), server.WithTLS(testdata.GetTLSConfig()), server.WithTransport(quic.NewTransporter), server.WithAltTransport(netpoll.NewTransporter), server.WithHostPorts("127.0.0.1:8080"))
	h.AddProtocol(suite.HTTP3, factory.NewServerFactory(&http3.Option{}))

	h.GET("/demo/tile", func(c context.Context, ctx *app.RequestContext) {
		// Small 40x40 png
		ctx.Write([]byte{
			0x89, 0x50, 0x4e, 0x47, 0x0d, 0x0a, 0x1a, 0x0a, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0d,
			0x49, 0x48, 0x44, 0x52, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x28, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x28,
			0x01, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xb6, 0x30, 0x2a, 0x2e, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
			0x03, 0x50, 0x4c, 0x54, 0x45, 0x5a, 0xc3, 0x5a, 0xad, 0x38, 0xaa, 0xdb,
			0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x0b, 0x49, 0x44, 0x41, 0x54, 0x78, 0x01, 0x63, 0x18,
			0x61, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0xf0, 0x00, 0x01, 0xe2, 0xb8, 0x75, 0x22, 0x00,
			0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x49, 0x45, 0x4e, 0x44, 0xae, 0x42, 0x60, 0x82,
		})
	})

	h.GET("/ping", func(c context.Context, ctx *app.RequestContext) {
		ctx.JSON(consts.StatusOK, utils.H{"ping": "pong"})
	})

	h.GET("/struct", func(c context.Context, ctx *app.RequestContext) {
		ctx.JSON(consts.StatusOK, &Test{
			A: "aaa",
			B: "bbb",
		})
	})

	v1 := h.Group("/v1")
	{
		v1.GET("/hello/:name", func(c context.Context, ctx *app.RequestContext) {
			fmt.Fprintf(ctx, "Hi %s, this is the response from Hertz.\n", ctx.Param("name"))
		})
	}

	h.Spin()
}

Client

Hertz-HTTP3 currently does not provide a client implementation, but the TLS configuration of the server sample code is directly copied to quic-go. Therefore, you can directly use the Client Example Code in quic-go.

package main

import (
	"bufio"
	"bytes"
	"context"
	"crypto/tls"
	"crypto/x509"
	"flag"
	"fmt"
	"io"
	"log"
	"net/http"
	"os"
	"sync"

	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go"
	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go/http3"
	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go/internal/testdata"
	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go/internal/utils"
	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go/logging"
	"github.com/quic-go/quic-go/qlog"
)

func main() {
	verbose := flag.Bool("v", false, "verbose")
	quiet := flag.Bool("q", false, "don't print the data")
	keyLogFile := flag.String("keylog", "", "key log file")
	insecure := flag.Bool("insecure", false, "skip certificate verification")
	enableQlog := flag.Bool("qlog", false, "output a qlog (in the same directory)")
	flag.Parse()
	urls := flag.Args()

	logger := utils.DefaultLogger

	if *verbose {
		logger.SetLogLevel(utils.LogLevelDebug)
	} else {
		logger.SetLogLevel(utils.LogLevelInfo)
	}
	logger.SetLogTimeFormat("")

	var keyLog io.Writer
	if len(*keyLogFile) > 0 {
		f, err := os.Create(*keyLogFile)
		if err != nil {
			log.Fatal(err)
		}
		defer f.Close()
		keyLog = f
	}

	pool, err := x509.SystemCertPool()
	if err != nil {
		log.Fatal(err)
	}
	testdata.AddRootCA(pool)

	var qconf quic.Config
	if *enableQlog {
		qconf.Tracer = func(ctx context.Context, p logging.Perspective, connID quic.ConnectionID) logging.ConnectionTracer {
			filename := fmt.Sprintf("client_%x.qlog", connID)
			f, err := os.Create(filename)
			if err != nil {
				log.Fatal(err)
			}
			log.Printf("Creating qlog file %s.\n", filename)
			return qlog.NewConnectionTracer(utils.NewBufferedWriteCloser(bufio.NewWriter(f), f), p, connID)
		}
	}
	roundTripper := &http3.RoundTripper{
		TLSClientConfig: &tls.Config{
			RootCAs:            pool,
			InsecureSkipVerify: *insecure,
			KeyLogWriter:       keyLog,
		},
		QuicConfig: &qconf,
	}
	defer roundTripper.Close()
	hclient := &http.Client{
		Transport: roundTripper,
	}

	var wg sync.WaitGroup
	wg.Add(len(urls))
	for _, addr := range urls {
		logger.Infof("GET %s", addr)
		go func(addr string) {
			rsp, err := hclient.Get(addr)
			if err != nil {
				log.Fatal(err)
			}
			logger.Infof("Got response for %s: %#v", addr, rsp)

			body := &bytes.Buffer{}
			_, err = io.Copy(body, rsp.Body)
			if err != nil {
				log.Fatal(err)
			}
			if *quiet {
				logger.Infof("Response Body: %d bytes", body.Len())
			} else {
				logger.Infof("Response Body:")
				logger.Infof("%s", body.Bytes())
			}
			wg.Done()
		}(addr)
	}
	wg.Wait()
}

Last modified June 24, 2024 : fix: correct the file path (#1096) (b3fa1a4)